As the COVID-19 public health emergency (PHE) gets extended yet again and while the healthcare industry continues to grapple with the numerous changes and developments over the past several years, providers should gear up for an uncertain landscape in 2023. Between the massive influx of providers implementing telehealth services and the countless unprecedented changes and reforms within the healthcare industry as a whole, the PHE has continued to be a constant, underlying source of uncertainty for providers when it comes to compliance and government imposition. There are several focus areas that healthcare providers in 2023 should approach with caution and this blog will briefly discuss some of those areas.
The COVID-19 pandemic ushered in a nationwide shift in how providers deliver healthcare services, as services delivered via telehealth became more widely utilized and more readily covered by governmental and commercial payors. However, some of the fundamental regulatory flexibilities and policy waivers that made this shift possible are temporary, which creates an unpredictable environment for providers in 2023. To make matters more complex, telehealth services have been an area of increased scrutiny by enforcement agencies and appear to remain a focus of future enforcement action. Moreover, the increased prevalence of telehealth services raises data privacy concerns generally, but in particular for providers subject to HIPAA. When the PHE does inevitably come to an end, so too will some of the flexibilities that allow HIPAA-covered providers to accessibly provide telehealth services without greater data privacy controls. Providers should take the opportunity to analyze possible changes to their data privacy practices to ensure compliance following the end of the PHE.
Over the course of the past several years, providers have seen heightened levels of government enforcement activity related to alleged fraud and abuse within the healthcare industry, and it does not appear to be slowing down any time soon. In 2021 alone, the Department of Justice (DOJ) generated $5.6 billion in False Claims Act (FCA) settlements and judgments. As several of the Department’s stated priorities have not changed since February 2022, providers can expect to see continued enforcement action in areas such as opioid abuse, Medicare managed care (Part C), and audits looking for allegedly medically unnecessary services. Furthermore, a series of memoranda issued by current and past attorneys general seem to sway back and forth concerning the limitations on the uses of sub-regulatory guidance in FCA cases, adding even greater uncertainty to future fraud and abuse enforcement activity.